The Influence of the Pharisaic Movement on the Preservation of a Jewish Identity During the Intertestamental Period
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This paper explores the influence of the Pharisees in the preservation of a Jewish Identity during the Intertestamental Period. This paper focuses on the impact of the Pharisees on the nation of Israel in both the spiritual and political arenas over and against Hellenization. Prior to the emergence of this group, traces of the mindset can be seen as far back as the return from Babylon. As such, the history prior to the emergence of the Pharisees will be examined. Regarding this historical background there are three chief sources to examine: Josephus’ works, the Gospels, and the rabbinic literature of the time. From this historical background, the effect of the Pharisees may be seen upon Israel in their use of the synagogues, their interaction with the common people and based upon a comparison of the Pharisees with the Essenes and the Sadducees.